Department of Internal Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, 50 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, USA.
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type lymphomas most commonly occur in the stomach and have been associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. However, MALT-type lymphoma of the colon is a rare entity. It commonly manifests with symptoms of weight loss, low-grade fever, constipation, melena, and hematochezia. Unlike gastric lymphoma, it is difficult to detect MALT-type lymphoma of the colon by imaging. Colonoscopy may reveal lesions whose biopsy most commonly shows abundant B lymphocytes. There is no universal immunohistochemistry profile for MALT-type lymphoma but CD 20 staining is commonly seen. Trisomies and translocations have been described and their presence has been correlated with treatment response. Due to the rarity of colonic MALT-type lymphoma, no standard guidelines are available for its management. It often occurs individually and rarely occurs simultaneously with concurrent colon adenocarcinoma. This case report describes the presentation and clinical course of a secondary MALT-type lymphoma in a patient who underwent colectomy for a prior colon adenocarcinoma.
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital, Okayama, Japan.
A case of thyroidal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma mimicking IgG4-related disease is described. A 54-year-old male presented with acute swelling of the anterior neck. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), malignantlymphoma (ML), or acute deterioration of Hashimoto's thyroiditis were initially suspected, and an emergent tracheostomy was required for progressive airway obstruction; a simultaneous biopsy from the thyroid tissue was performed. Histopathologically, the lesion consisted of sclerotic fibrosis and diffuse and dense infiltration by small lymphoid cells without atypia and plasma cells, many of which were IgG4-positive. Blood examination also revealed high serum IgG4 levels. Riedel's thyroiditis was suspected. However, despite medical treatments, a firm swelling of the thyroid still remained. In an in situ hybridization study, IgG4-negative plasma cells showed immunoglobulin light-chain restriction (κ-monotype), and immunoglobulin heavy (IgH) chain gene monoclonal re-arrangement was detected by polymerase chain reaction. The lesion was finally diagnosed asMALT lymphoma. When IgG4-related disease is suspected, it is important to thoroughly exclude other possibilities
Klinika Otolaryngologii i Onkologii Laryngologicznej, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. K. Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu, Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. W. Szyfter, Poland.
Primary lymphomas of the salivary glands are rare. It is estimated that they constitute no more than 5% of all lymphomas in different locations. The most common subtype developing in parotid glands is marginalzoneB-cell mucosa associated lymphoid tissue type lymphoma (MALT) that belongs to a group of low-grade tumours. There are many factors associated with the incidence of that proliferative process: environmental and infectious agents as well as immune deficiency states. We describe a case of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the parotid gland arising in the background of previously undiagnosed and untreated Sjögren's syndrome in a 52-year-old woman. The article concerns a short review of the literature regarding etiology, symptoms, treatment and survival prognosis in that rare disease as well. MALT lymphomas should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of the tumors and swelling of the parotid gland area. A special, regular monitoring should include all patients with Sjögren's syndrome as those with the proven greater risk of developing that proliferative disease. The role of the laryngologist in the case of MALT-type lymphoma of the parotid gland should focus on a diagnosis and possible tumor cytoreduction with maximal saving of the facial nerve. The essential treatment of this pathology is one of the oncologists and haematologists.
Department of General Thoracic, Breast and Endocrinological Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.
We report a case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the lung treated by surgery and rituximab. A 47-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of the lesion in the right middle lobe, which had enlarged gradually. Chest computed tomography(CT) scanning showed an infiltrative shadow of the right middle lobe. He underwent right middle lobectomy for the MALT lymphoma whose diagnosis and treatment. The tumor was pathologically diagnosed as CD20 immunostaining was positive and the adjuvant treatment by rituximab was performed.
Am old enough to understand the difference between the Bay of Pigs - and roasting a pig at a epicurian feast. Been thru the hippy, yippie and yuppie years - always remaining who I am.
Very much believe in "Sing your own song - weave your own tapestry"
Am young enough to still know the thrill of new discoveries, the beauty of the evening, to celebrate the joy of another tommorow.
Survived these many decades with a severe medical problems. Sorting out the maze of now having two lymphomas and all their nasty little companions, but I continue.
Besides, being a simple iconoclastic eclectic, have been called many things. An incurable romanticist - with a strong touch of reality. Thinker, intellectual (God, how I hate that term) - been told I am a lion with the heart of the poet.
Know how to wage war and conquer my foes - but would rather be known as one who brings hope and life. To bring hope into anothers life is the ultimate of joys.
Life should be about bringing hope, peace, vision... a sense of purpose beyond yourself.